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Geography and Landforms of China

有 Release time: 2018-05-06 10:36 | Yes Friends view

Introduction: China's geomorphology ...
China's terrain is complex and diverse. Five types of terrain are available: plains, plateaus, mountains, hills, and basins. The mountain area is vast, accounting for about two-thirds of the country's area; The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau in the southwest has an average elevation of over 4,000 meters and is the first step. The second step is between the west of the first line of the Daxinganling Mountains, Taihang Mountain, Wushan Mountain, and the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau, and the altitude is between 1,000 meters and 2000 meters, mainly plateaus and basins. To the east of the second step, the land above sea level is the third step, and the altitude is below 500 meters, mainly hills and plains.
The complex and diverse topography has formed a complex and diverse climate; China's terrain is high in the west, low in the east, and has a step-like distribution, which is conducive to humid air entering the inland and supplying a large amount of water vapor; making the river flow eastward to communicate with east and west traffic; the river is high in height The first-level steps flow into the lower-level steps, and the water flows turbulently, generating huge water energy.

Terrain characteristics of China

China's terrain is complex and diverse. Five types of terrain are available: plains, plateaus, mountains, hills, and basins. The mountain area is vast, accounting for about two-thirds of the country's area; the terrain is high in the west and low in the east, and it is roughly distributed in three steps. The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau in the southwest has an average elevation of over 4,000 meters and is the first step. The second step is between the west of the first line of the Daxinganling Mountains, Taihang Mountain, Wushan Mountain, and the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau, and the altitude is between 1,000 meters and 2000 meters, mainly plateaus and basins. To the east of the second step, the land above sea level is the third step, and the altitude is below 500 meters, mainly hills and plains.
The complex and diverse topography has formed a complex and diverse climate; China's terrain is high in the west, low in the east, and has a step-like distribution, which is conducive to humid air entering the inland and supplying a large amount of water vapor; making the river flow eastward to communicate with east and west traffic; the river is high in height The first-level steps flow into the lower-level steps, and the water flows turbulently, generating huge water energy.

Distribution of major mountains

Three columns from east to west: from north to south are Tianshan, Yinshan and Yanshan; Kunlun Mountains and Qinling Mountains; Nanling. Three columns from northeast to southwest: from the west to the east, Daxinganling-Taihang Mountain-Wushan-Xuefeng Mountain; Changbai Mountain-Wuyi Mountain; Taiwan Mountain Range.
Two from north to south: Helan Mountain; Hengduan Mountain. There are 2 northwest and southeast directions: Altai Mountains and Qilian Mountains. At the junction of China and Nepal, the main peak of the Himalayas is Everest, with an altitude of 8844.43 meters; it is the highest peak in the world.

Plateau, plain, etc.

The characteristics and distribution of the four plateaus: The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau is located in the southwest of China, with an average elevation above 4,000 meters, and is the largest plateau in China and the highest in the world. It is characterized by high mountains and mountains, continuous snowy mountains, extensive glaciers, numerous lakes, vast grasslands, and sufficient water sources. Inner Mongolia Plateau is the second largest plateau in China, including most of Inner Mongolia and parts of Gan, Ning, and Ji. It is about 1,000 meters above sea level. Its characteristics: the ground is open and flat, the terrain is not undulating; there are many grasslands and deserts. The Loess Plateau has an altitude of 1,000 meters to 2000 meters, and the ground is covered with loose loess layers. It is the most extensive and deepest region in the world where Huangshi is distributed; serious water loss; The karst terrain of the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau is widespread; the mountains are undulating; the terrain is rugged.
The distribution and characteristics of the four major basins: The Sichuan Basin is located in the eastern part of Sichuan. Due to the widespread purple sand shale, it is known as the 'Red Basin' and the 'Purple Basin'. It is the largest basin in China. The Tarim Basin is located in southern Xinjiang. Distributed in a ring shape, the central Taklamakan Desert is the largest desert in China and the largest inland basin in China. The Qaidam Basin is located in the northwest of Qinghai Province. Most of it is the Gobi, desert, and the east is swampy and salt lake. Typical inland plateau basin.
The distribution and characteristics of the three major plains: the Northeast Plain, the surface of which is called the fertile black indigenous people, and the altitude is below 200 meters, which is the largest plain in China. The North China Plain is low and flat, and it is the second largest plain in China. The middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River is located along the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River.
Main hills: Liaodong hills, Shandong hills, southeast hills, etc.





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